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Ecological Perspective of Creative Adaptation of Cacao Farmers in Sustainable Livelihood

Weka Widayati, Muh Arief Dirgantoro, La Nalefo, Muhidin, Usman Rianse, Weka Gusmiarty Abdullah, Wa Kuasa, Edy Cahyono
This research aims at knowing the strategy by cacao farmers and constructing sustainable livelihood strategy based on the real condition in community. This research is conducted in East Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi Indonesia. Data were collected with PRA, FGD method and participative observation involving farmers in research area. Data were analysed with descriptive qualitative method. The result shows that livelihood strategy which is conducted by cacao farmers consists of economic and social strategies. Economic strategy is conducted with double livelihood pattern, utilizing households worker and migration. Otherwise, social strategy is perfomed with kinship pattern. Traditional welfare organization has also important role for cacao farmers in fulfilling daily needs. In addition, social capital also contributes significantly for livelihood strategy in that area and it becomes one of attentions in arranging sustainable livelihood strategy. Key-Words: - ecological perspective, creative adaptation, cacao farmers, sustainable livelihood

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Diterbitkan pada: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Agricultural Science, Biotechnology, Food and Animal Science (ABIFA '15). Advances in Environmental and Agricultural Science. Dubai, United Arab Emirates February 22-24, 2015

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